Battery less Phones - a deep Assessment on device for long range scavenging of wireless power

International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering
© 2017 by SSRG - IJECE Journal
Volume 4 Issue 10
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Sparsh Rawlani, Purvesh Biyani and Apoorv Joshi
How to Cite?

Sparsh Rawlani, Purvesh Biyani and Apoorv Joshi, "Battery less Phones - a deep Assessment on device for long range scavenging of wireless power," SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 4,  no. 10, pp. 1-8, 2017. Crossref,


 If we just date back to January 9, 2007, it's the date when the world first witnessed a smart phone, and in fact, the first 'Touch screen phone'. Mr. Jobs, the owner of Apple Inclusive launched the "I-phone" aiming to turn everyone's life uncomplicated. And then, it has been ten years since the launch of the smart phone, and in these 10 years, the world has observed a revolutionary change in the era of smart phones. One of the most drastic changes was witnessed in the batteries of these smart phones, ranging from 1000mAh to 5000mAh on an average. In the past couple of years, intense usage of smart phones for various purposes has resulted in battery draining at a rapid rate. Many types of research have been done in order to find the exact reason for the battery drain at a rapid rate and its solutions, although none of them were able to accomplish anything special, and hence, rather than to find a solution to battery's long life, a different solution was established, and it was to construct phones, which can be operated without batteries. This research paper focuses on the implementations of "Battery Less Smart phones", and on its pros and cons. It will also state some of the economic and possible changes that can be made as per our research.


Invention, Advantages, Disadvantages, Incentives, Economy Factor, Astonishing Technology, Computer Science, Battery drain.


[1] Shin, Choonsung, Jin-Hyuk Hong, and Anind K. Dey. "Understanding and prediction of mobile application usage for smart phones." In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, pp. 173-182. ACM, 2012.
[2] Goodenough, John B., and Kyu-Sung Park. "The Li-ion rechargeable battery: a perspective." Journal of the American Chemical Society 135, no. 4 (2013): 1167-1176.
[3] Cuervo, Eduardo, Aruna Balasubramanian, Dae-ki Cho, Alec Wolman, Stefan Saroiu, Ranveer Chandra, and Paramvir Bahl. "MAUI: making smartphones last longer with code offload." In Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services, pp. 49-62. ACM, 2010.
[4] Paret, Dominique. RFID at ultra and super high frequencies: theory and application. John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
[5] Haitani, Robert, Gregory Shirai, Nancy Gayed, Ramachandran Venkataraman, Thomas Kier, and Skrikiran Prasad. "Method and apparatus for accessing a contacts database and telephone services." U.S. Patent 8,332,553, issued December 11, 2012.
[6] Kurth, Derek, George Kantor, and Sanjiv Singh. "Experimental results in range-only localization with radio." In Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2003.(IROS 2003). Proceedings. 2003 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, vol. 1, pp. 974-979. IEEE, 2003.
[7] Chandrakasan, Amirtharajah, Rajeevan Amirtharajah, SeongHwan Cho, James Goodman, Gangadhar Konduri, Joanna Kulik, Wendi Rabiner, and Alice Wang. "Design considerations for distributed microsensor systems." In Custom Integrated Circuits, 1999. Proceedings of the IEEE 1999, pp. 279-286. IEEE, 1999.
[8] Matyba, Piotr, Hisato Yamaguchi, Goki Eda, Manish Chhowalla, Ludvig Edman, and Nathaniel D. Robinson. "Graphene and mobile ions: the key to all-plastic, solution-processed light-emitting devices." Acs Nano 4, no. 2 (2010): 637-642.
[9] Pancheri, Lucio, Mauro Scandiuzzo, Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, David Stoppa, Fabrizio De Nisi, Lorenzo Gonzo, and Andrea Simoni. "A silicon metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector macromodel for circuit simulations." Solid-state electronics 49, no. 2 (2005): 175-181.
[10] Vyas, Rushi, Vasileios Lakafosis, Manos Tentzeris, Hiroshi Nishimoto, and Yoshihiro Kawahara. "A battery-less, wireless mote for scavenging wireless power at UHF (470–570 MHz) frequencies." In Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 2011 IEEE International Symposium on, pp. 1069-1072. IEEE, 2011.
[11] Pathak, Abhinav, Y. Charlie Hu, and Ming Zhang. "Where is the energy spent inside my app?: fine grained energy accounting on smartphones with eprof." In Proceedings of the 7th ACM european conference on Computer Systems, pp. 29-42. ACM, 2012.
[12] Zhang, Lide, Birjodh Tiwana, Robert P. Dick, Zhiyun Qian, Z. Morley Mao, Zhaoguang Wang, and Lei Yang. "Accurate online power estimation and automatic battery behavior based power model generation for smartphones." In Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis (CODES+ ISSS), 2010 IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on, pp. 105-114. IEEE, 2010.
[13] Lurton, X., G. Lamarche, C. Brown, E. Heffron, V. Lucieer, G. Rice, A. Schimel, and T. Weber. "The GeoHab Backscatter Working Group: definition of guidelines and recommendations for seafloor backscatter measurements by hydrographic multibeam echosounders." In ICES Symposium: Marine Ecosystem Acoustics-Observing the Ocean Interior in Support of Integrated Management, p. 28. 2015.
[14] Azad, A. K. M., Joarder Kamruzzaman, and Nemai Chandra Karmakar. "Wireless sensor network protocols applicable to RFID system." In Chipless and conventional radio frequency identification: Systems for ubiquitous tagging, pp. 251-284. IGI Global, 2012.
[15] Cox, Richard V., Joachim Hagenauer, Nambi Seshadri, and C-EW Sundberg. "Subband speech coding and matched convolutional channel coding for mobile radio channels." IEEE Transactions on signal processing 39, no. 8 (1991): 1717-1731.
[16] Petitto, Laura Ann, Robert J. Zatorre, Kristine Gauna, Erwin James Nikelski, Deanna Dostie, and Alan C. Evans. "Speech-like cerebral activity in profoundly deaf people processing signed languages: implications for the neural basis of human language." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97, no. 25 (2000): 13961-13966.
[17] Gersho, Allen, and Vladimir Cuperman. "Vector quantization: A pattern-matching technique for speech coding." IEEE Communications Magazine 21, no. 9 (1983): 15-21.
[18] Staszewski, Robert Bogdan, John L. Wallberg, Sameh Rezeq, Chih-Ming Hung, Oren E. Eliezer, Sudheer K. Vemulapalli, Chan Fernando et al. "All-digital PLL and transmitter for mobile phones." IEEE journal of Solid-State circuits 40, no. 12 (2005): 2469-2482.
[19] Su, David K., and William J. McFarland. "An IC for linearizing RF power amplifiers using envelope elimination and restoration." IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits 33, no. 12 (1998): 2252-2258.
[20] Baghel, Sudhir Kumar, Kirti Keshav, and Venkateswara Rao Manepalli. "An investigation into traffic analysis for diverse data applications on smartphones." In Communications (NCC), 2012 National Conference on, pp. 1-5. IEEE, 2012.
[21] O'regan, Brian, and Michael Grätzel. "A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO 2 films." nature 353, no. 6346 (1991): 737-740.
[22] Juang, Philo, Hidekazu Oki, Yong Wang, Margaret Martonosi, Li Shiuan Peh, and Daniel Rubenstein. "Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: Design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet." ACM SIGARCH Computer Architecture News 30, no. 5 (2002): 96-107.
[23] Kim, Jin Young, Kwanghee Lee, Nelson E. Coates, Daniel Moses, Thuc-Quyen Nguyen, Mark Dante, and Alan J. Heeger. "Efficient tandem polymer solar cells fabricated by all-solution processing." Science 317, no. 5835 (2007): 222-225.
[24] Zhang, Pei, Christopher M. Sadler, Stephen A. Lyon, and Margaret Martonosi. "Hardware design experiences in ZebraNet." In Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems, pp. 227-238. ACM, 2004.