Assessment of Availability of Water at Various Domestic Water Sources in Aizawl City, Mizoram (India)

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
© 2023 by SSRG - IJHSS Journal
Volume 10 Issue 1
Year of Publication : 2023
Authors : C. Ramhnehzauva
How to Cite?

C. Ramhnehzauva, "Assessment of Availability of Water at Various Domestic Water Sources in Aizawl City, Mizoram (India)," SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 10,  no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2023. Crossref,


The prime water source is terrestrial precipitation, mainly in the form of rain. Its availability in the form of surface run-off and groundwater also depends upon the area's rainfall pattern, geological structure, and landforms. Like most hill towns, Aizawl faces acute water supply problems during the dry winter and early summer. The water-related needs of the people in the study area were met for generations by these natural water sources. However, water discharge in these sources has been depleting over the years; many have dried up while many more have become seasonal due to increasing population, neglect of the recharge areas and changes in land use. To solve the drinking water problem in the study area, the State government has been implementing several schemes, and millions of rupees have been pumped in, but the situation is far from satisfactory. The built environment of a city is a superimposition of its natural environment, particularly affecting water sources. As the city extends itself, the direct recharge from rainfall is less and lesser recharge leading to the depletion of available fresh groundwater potential at a fast rate on the one hand and the increasing infiltration on the other hand from diffuse pollution sources contaminate the groundwater. Therefore, in this paper attempt has been made to study the availability of water in different domestic water sources of Aizawl City.


Availability, Piped water supply, Tuikhur, Handpump, Rainwater.


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